Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah in History

Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah / Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah Fight Against Mongol Genghiz Khan

Hi Friends, an important character in history who was the last wall in the way of the Mongols was broken by the Muslims him selves But the Caliph of Baghdad and the Seljuks were unaware of their fate. They had torn down the last wall between the Mongols and themselves. It is a very old habit of Muslim rulers to see another Muslim country being destroyed and to wait for their own destruction Friends, today's article is about a brave man of history who is known to the world as Lion of Khwarizm Sultan Jalaluddin Khwarizm Shah. Who disturbed Genghis Khan with his attacks on mongols army Genghis Khan said these words about Sher Khwarizm: Blessed are the father whose son is like Jalaluddin and blessed are the mothers who raise such lions. If I had a son like Jalaluddin, I would have conquered the whole world.

Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah

Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah:

 Jalâl ad-Dîn was the last ruler of the Khwarezmian Empire. His date of birth is stated to be 1199 CE. He was the eldest son of Ala ad-Din Muhammad II. History describes Ala ad-Din Muhammad II as a proud and quick-witted person, While his son Jalaluddin was a very intelligent and brave man.
Friends, it was Ala ad-Din Muhammad II who was blamed for the Mongol attack on the Muslims Because he assassinated  three ambassadors of Genghis Khan against the advice of his son After which Genghis Khan left the Chinese campaign and invaded Khwarizm, and his descendants overthrew the Seljuk Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate

However friends, in 1219 CE, Genghis Khan attacked Khwarizm with all his might, Jalaluddin wanted to go ahead and fight with Genghis Khan army, but his father did not agree, Ala ad-Din Muhammad II thought that the Genghis Khan's army should be weakened by fighting the Samarkand and Bukhara armies, after which we would attack and eliminate them. But this strategy failed miserably because Genghiz Khan wreaked havoc as soon as he entered Kharazm, Genghis Khan invaded and destroyed Samarkand and built a tower of skulls. The same thing happened with Bukhara. After this, the Genghis Khan army marched towards kheva city. As soon as news of the attack on kheva was received, Khwarizm Shah Ala ad-Din II fled the city and took refuge in a deserted island. It is said that he died of the disease. While Genghis Khan destroyed kheva city, there was nothing left in the city except fire, blood and corpses. After the death of Ala ad-Din Muhammad II, his son Jalaluddin became sultan. Jalaluddin was heartbroken by the defeat of kheva. Jalaluddin gathered an army and started attacking the Mongols. He reached Afghanistan while attacking. In Afghanistan, he formed an army of Tajik and Khwarazmi tribes. I would like to point out here that this is almost the same period when Salman Shah , the father of Ertughal Ghazi, was migrating from Khwarizm to Anatolia

Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah

Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah Fight Against Mongol Genghiz Khan:

However, friends, there was a battle between Jalaluddin and the Mongol army in Afghanistan in which Jalaluddin defeated the Mongol army. This was the first and last defeat of Genghis Khan's army. This defeat surprised Genghis Khan and he himself went out in pursuit of Jalaluddin with a long army. Jalaluddin was preparing to fight the Genghiz khan army, but unfortunately a dispute arose between his father-in-law and the Tajik chief, and the Tajik soldiers left him. There was a battle in which the number of Genghis Khan's soldiers was 300,000 while Jalaluddin had only 30,000 soldiers. Jalaluddin was defeated and had to flee to IndiaGenghis Khan also entered India in pursuit of Jalaluddin. Jalaluddin was surrounded by Genghis Khan's army on the banks of the Indus river near Attock. Jalaluddin was standing on a hill in front of which was the Genghiz army while behind him were the strong waves of the Indus river But instead of being captured by Genghis Khan, this brave man jumped into the Indus River. Genghis Khan, who was still standing and smiling at Jalaluddin, his smile would suddenly turn into trouble. Jalaluddin crossed the river safely, looked at Genghis Khan sarcastically and moved on. Genghis Khan's generals asked permission to cross the river but Genghis Khan did not allow them due to the flooding of the river.

Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah

Then Jalaluddin's three-year exile began. He reached Delhi and asked Sultan al-Tamish for help against the Mongols, but for some reason the Sultan apologized. After that he reached Lahore and later left for Sindh where he continued to gather his scattered army. Jalaluddin reached Iran in 1224 and from there he reached Isfahan in 1228.  In Isfahan , Jalaluddin also faced a large Mongol army in which he was defeated, Here I would like to point out that the deputy commander of the Mongol army that attacked Jalaluddin in Isfahan was the same Noyan who later became commander of Anatolia in 1241 and invaded the Seljuks. However, friends later Jalaluddin reached  Tabriz, from where he wrote letters to the three major powers of the Muslim world, the Seljuks in Anatolia, the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad, and Ayub Sultan al-Kamil in Egypt. And asked for help against the Mongols. He kept explaining to them that the real threat to the Muslims was from the Mongols but no one helped him. They were all determined to avenge Jalaluddin on his father's shortcomings. The Seljuk Sultan Alauddin Qiqbad joined forces with the Ayubi army to attack Jalaluddin, and Jalaluddin suffered the last defeat of his life at the hands of the Muslims. After this defeat, Jalaluddin was forced to take refuge in a city called Diyarbakir. Jalaluddin was so heartbroken by this defeat at the hands of the Muslims that he left his army alone and stood alone in the snowy mountains near Diyarbakir.

Who Was Sultan Jalal-u-din Khwarzam Shah

Friends, Sultan Jalaluddin had disappeared in a snowstorm and since then no one has been able to find out where he is and how he is doing. For many years a strange story was told about him, sometimes known to have been seen in the town dressed as a dervishes. Sometimes the news comes that he has become a recluse in a forest and sometimes the news comes that he is hiding from world and is preparing a huge army to fight the mongols. Mongols searched every corner of the country to find Jalaluddin, Mongols killed many people as they think he was Jalaluddin And set great rewards for tracing Jalaluddin, but nothing was known about Jalaluddin. Some historians say that he was martyred while attacking a Mongol outpost in the guise of an ordinary soldier. Some thought he had been killed by a traitor to the nation or by a Mongol spy.  However, as time went on, people began to believe that Lion of Khwarizm Sultan Jalaluddin did not live in this world.

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