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History Of Ayyubi And Seljuk Empire / Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi / Battle of Yasi Jamn

History Of Ayyubi And Seljuk Empire / Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi / Battle of Yasi Jamn

 Those who have watched Dirilis Ertugrul, must know about Ayyubid and Seljuk Empires. We will let you know about the relationship between Ayyubid and Seljuk Empires. According to history presented in the drama, at that time Amir of Aleppo was the grandson of  Sultan Ayyubi and successor was Amir Al-Aziz. And the ruler of Seljuk Empire was Sultan Alauddin Kaikobad.

Click here to watch Haji Bayram Veli drama Episode 1 with English and Urdu Subtitles.


History Of Sultan Salauden Ayyubi And Seljuk Empire




History Of Ayyubi And Seljuk Empire



This video starts from fifty years back of that time. During the Crusades, the Zangi and Fatimid governments formed an alliance. Salahuddin Yusuf was the commander of the Zangi government during the Crusades. He fought vigorously against the Crusaders. Given his bravery and intelligence in this war, he was given the rank of Chief Minister in Egypt. After the death of Nur-ud-Din Zangi in 1069,


Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi History

Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi


 his eleven-year-old son became Sultan but since he was very young, his father took over the running of the empire. But then Salahuddin came to Syria from Egypt and confined the prince to Aleppo and became the sultan himself and established the Ayubi Empire. He used the titles "Sultan" and "Caretaker of Two Holy Mosques" for himself. The two holy mosques include the Masjid al-Haram and the Masjid al-Nabawi The sultan used the title for the first time and has continued to do so ever since Ayubi, Fatimi, Seljuk

Ottoman Turks and today the Saudi government are the guardians of the two holy mosques. 

 Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi

At the same time that the Aubrey Empire was being formed in Syria, the Roman Seljuk rule in Anatolia was strengthening its foundations. How were the relations between these two states? Were they friends or were they also at war? Read the full article to learn the facts about the Seljuk, Aubrey relationship.

In 1071, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi overthrew the Fatimid government. He made Cairo the capital of his government. From there he intended to strengthen his government The Fatimid regime was not completely overthrown,

 and there was still the possibility of a riot. Salahuddin wanted to deal with both. In 1175, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi conquered the Holy Hijaz. After the conquest of Hijaz, it emerged as a major power in the face of the Abbasid Caliphate. 

They also feared that he might claim to be the caliph because he controlled two Muslim holy places. But he overthrew the Fatimid regime in Egypt and began to impose Sunni Islam there, for which he allied himself with the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad



History Of Ayyubi And Seljuk Empire



After an alliance with the caliph, he defeated the Crusaders in 1187 and conquered Jerusalem. After that, Salahuddin became a thorn in the side of the Christians Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi also conquered Syria, Aleppo and Damascus during this period and the Ayubi Empire emerged as a great state. 


After the death of Salahuddin Ayubi in 1193, his son Aziz became Sultan. In 1200, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi's brother Al-Adil took over the Ayubi power and then all the later Ayubi were the successors of the Amir and the Sultans of Adil. Al-Adel established positive relations with the governments around him and improved relations with his nearest state, Seljuk. Al-Adel's successors began trading in the Seljuk Empire. 

After that his son Al-Kamil became Sultan. Al-Adel's son, Al-Ashraf Musa, took over the rule of Damascus, but he wanted to see himself replaced by his father. He married his daughter Queen Sultan to the Seljuk Sultan Aladdin. After this marriage, a deep bond developed between the two families. Now Al-Ashraf was with Moses the most powerful ruler of the Seljuk Rome. He wanted to rebel against Al-Kamil. For this purpose he brought with him other rich men and princes of the vicinity. But before he could do that. The last sultan of the Khwarizm Empire, Jalaluddin Khwarizm Shah, attacked Ahlat. 

Who Was Sultan Khwarazm Shah


Who Was Sultan Khwarazm Shah


Battle of Yasi Jamn



The situation was in Seljuk Roman territory, and at the same time the attack was a threat to the Ayubians. To avoid this danger, the Ayubians allied with the Seljuks and together they fought a war against Khawarizm Shah, called the Battle of Yasi Jamn. In 1230, Seljuk and Ayubi troops reached Yasi Jamun, a suburb of Arzanjan. Khawarizm Shah tried to prevent them from uniting but he failed and the army reached his head. 

In this battle, the commander of the Seljuk Ayubi alliance was Sultan Aladdin. With them, Ashraf Musa was representing the Ayubis. In front of him were the rebellious Seljuk chiefs of Khawarizm Shah and the reserve. On the first day of the battle, Khwarizm Shah had almost defeated the Seljuks, but on the last day of the three-day war, Khwarizm Shah was defeated. He fled with his soldiers, Sultan Aladdin Kiqbad gave up his pursuit and regained the territory of Ahlat

Battle of Yasi Jamn

This Amir al-Ashraf Musa tried to revolt against al-Kamil, but he did not succeed. The whole Abyssinian empire was divided and it was very difficult to unite. In 1237, al-Ashraf was joined by a number of eminent amirs, but in the same year, Sultan Aladdin died, and a few months later, he too died. After that, his brother Saleh Ismail became the Emir of Damascus. After Qiqbad, his successor, Sultan Ghias-ud-Din, formed an alliance with Amir al-Aziz of Aleppo. Al-Aziz had boycotted a campaign by Ayub Sultan Al-Kamil against the Seljuk Empire. Due to the positive relations with Aziz

one of the borders of the Seljuk Empire was secured and the risk of Seljuk Ayubi war was less but despite the friendship, there was a risk of war. Meanwhile, Aziz's mother arranged the marriage of Aziz's daughter, Ghazia Khatun, to Sultan Ghias-ud-Din Khikhsru Sani

History Of Sultan Ghias-ud-Din


History Of Sultan Ghias-ud-Din



After the marriage of Aziz's daughter, the two states became more united and the two great Muslim empires were safe from any kind of civil war. Because the Ayubi ruler of Damascus wanted to make his wife, the son of the Queen Sultan, the Seljuk Sultan after the siege of Sultan Kiqbad, but instead Ghias-ud-Din Kekhsru became the second Sultan, 

which the Amirs of Damascus were not happy about. But then, after marrying the daughter of the Amir of Aleppo, their alliance was further strengthened, making it easier for the two states to fight the Byzantines and the Mongols. If you look at history, 

there has never been a Muslim state that has not fought a war with its Muslim neighbor. Even the states revolted against the caliphs There were wars, but the Seljuk and the Abyssinians were the most friendly kingdoms.
 

Ayyubid and Seljuks :


The Turkish Seljuk State, aiming at the Turkification of Anatolia and the provision of Turkish unity in the region, entered into sometimes friendly and sometimes hostile relations with neighboring states. The best example of this is the relations with the Ayyubids, who are the continuation of Zengiler, a Turkish principality. It is named after its founder, Selahattin Yusuf b. Eyüp's father Necmettin Eyyub b. Ayyubids, who took it from Shadi, was a Muslim state that ruled between 1175-1260 in Egypt, Damascus (Syria, Jordan, Lebanon), al-Jazeera (Upper Mesopotamia), Diyarbakir and Northern Iraq.

According to the information given by the historical mother-in-laws, the first Seljuk-Ayyubid relationship was realized with the agreement made as a result of the conquest of Aleppo in 1176. Shortly after this event, It took place to inform Selahattin Eyyubi of his victory after Kılıç Arslan II defeated the Byzantines in the Battle of Myryokephalon in 1176. But this friendly relationship that started between the two sides, The direction of Kılıç Arslan II to the east (to provide Anatolian Turkish unity) and his military activities there caused a rift between the parties. The first political tension between the Ayyubids and Seljuks arose over Raban's rule. The Seljuk army besieging Raban dispersed before the Ayyubid army and fled.

After the Raban incident, another disagreement occurred. This conflict It happened because of Nurettin Muhammet, the son-in-law of Kılıç Arslan II. The owner of Hısn-ı Keyfa, Nurettin Muhammet b. Kara Arslan b. David b. Artuk, He married Kılıç Arslan's II daughter Selçuk Hatun. Sultan Selcuk gave some castles to Hatun for dowry. But Nurettin Muhammet Kılıç Arslan's daughter moved away from Selçuk Hatun and married a singer. Thus, he dominated the country and the treasury. When the Sultan learned of this situation, he sent an envoy to his son-in-law and demanded the castles he had given as a dowry back. Otherwise, he said that he would take the Artuqid country from him and took over some places in the Harput region. Realizing the seriousness of the situation, Nurettin Muhammet asked Selahattin Eyyubi for help. Therefore, Selahattin Eyyubi, He sent an envoy and a letter to Kılıç Arslan asking him to give up his aggressive attitude. Kılıç Arslan, on the other hand, after counting the faults of Nurettin Muhammet, said, "I only want the castles that I gave to my daughter back when she married her." Thereupon, Selahattin Eyyubi said, "You can't touch him, we agreed with him, we took him under our protection. If you will walk on him, we will turn the reins of our horses to his aid.” Thus, a new tension was entered. But With the intervention of Kılıç Arslan's vizier İhtiyarettin Hasan Gafnas, the problem was resolved among themselves. After this event Relations between Kılıç Arslan and Selahattin Eyyubi continued amicably Thereupon, Selahattin Eyyubi said, "You can't touch him, we agreed with him, we took him under our protection. If you will walk on him, we will turn the reins of our horses to his aid.” Thus, a new tension was entered. But With the intervention of Kılıç Arslan's vizier İhtiyarettin Hasan Gafnas, the problem was resolved among themselves. 

Celaleddin, the ruler of Harizmshah, who escaped from the Mongols and came to Azerbaijan and Eastern Anatolia, besieged Amat, which had been in the hands of the Ayyubids since 1207-1208, in the Autumn of 1226. Celaleddin, who lifted the siege in the face of the determination of the Ayyubids, who successfully defended the city, took the region under siege again in 1229. The city, which was attached to the Meliki Eşref of Damascus, was taken over by Celaleddin. The city was destroyed and plundered. Upon this event, Alaeddin Keykubad made an alliance with the Ayyubids and marched on the Harizmshahs. Celalettin Harezmşah was defeated heavily in 1230 in Yassıçemen. Thus, a period of peace was again entered between the Seljuks and Ayyubids.


Extra History Of Ayyubi And Seljuk Empire :


After the Battle of Yassıçemen, the Seljuk and Ayyubid troops put an end to the existence of the Harizmşahlar in Eastern Anatolia. Alaaddin Keykubad and Melik Eşref came to Erzurum together. Alaeddin Keykubad I, who abolished the Seljuk Meliklik located here, connected Erzurum directly to the center. The Seljuk Sultan sent Melik Eşref to Ahlat by presenting him with crescents and horses. He also gave 5000 soldiers under the command of Şemseddin Altunapa In 1231, the Mongols entered the Eastern Anatolia region with the pretext of following Khwarazmshah and raided and plundered the Ayyubid and Artuqid lands. Even Ahlat, which was in the hands of the Ayyubids, was looted. Thereupon, the Seljuks realized the approaching Mongolian danger and sent forces to the Eastern Anatolia region. Meanwhile, the Mongols withdrew to Azerbaijan after plundering and destroying the region. Eastern Anatolian cities, especially Ahlat, were devastated by Harizmşah on the one hand and Mongol invasion and plunder on the other hand. Melik Eşref, on the other hand, was not interested in this region and withdrew to Damascus. Upon this situation, Alaeddin Keykubad I sent Kemaleddin Kamyar, one of his commanders, to the region. Reaching Ahlat, the Seljuk commander saw that the city was empty. After the Seljuks came here, the people returned to Ahlat. The people welcomed the Seljuk domination in the region. The Seljuk commander, who sent soldiers to Van, Bitlis, Vatsan, Adilcevaz and Sürmari and inspected the situation, presented to the sultan that the region was devastated and that the Hârezm soldiers, who were left without a head, were helpless and idle. Thereupon, the sultan sent vizier Ziyaeddin Kara Arslan, Müstevfi Sadedin Erdebili and Kadı Şeref's son Taceddin Pervane to Ahlat and ordered them to organize the affairs of the region. In addition, Sinaneddin Kaymaz was appointed as the foreman of the region. Thus, due to the neglect of the Ayyubids, the Seljuks took Ahlat and its environs and tied it to them. In addition, the Hârezm lords, who were strayed in the region, were taken to the Seljuk service with some promises and brought to important duties.

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