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History Of Orhan Gazi || Who Was Orhan Ghazi | The Ottoman Empire

History Of Orhan Gazi In English | History Of Ottoman Empire 

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Who Was Orhan Gazi:

 Orhan became the Bey of his nascent empire that was started by his father Osman I, after the capture of the city of Bursa in 1326 AD. After losing Bythinian countryside and the city of Bursa to the Ottomans, the Byzantines launched a number of wars to recover lost fortresses and cities.

 Hi, Welcome Dirilis Pk,

This is our new series on the History of Ottoman Empire. In every Article of this series, we'll discuss every notable Ottoman Sultan and their efforts and achievements in order to expand their empire over three continents. In the previous Article , we discussed the battles that Osman I fought and captured the major of city of Bursa. If you are new here, I recommend you to start watching this series from the very first episode.

History Of Ottoman Epmire

Orhan was the son of the daughter of Sheikh Edebali. In previous Article we mentioned that Orhan was the son of Malhun. But there are different accounts on who actually was the daughter of Sheikh Edebali. Most of the sources confirm that Rabia Bala Hatun was the daughter of Edebali. Orhan was a fair, forgiving and religious ruler.


History Of Orhan Gazi
History Of Orhan Gazi

He admired theologians and Sufi dervishes lot. In a very short time, he was loved by allot his people he ruled. After the death of his father, there was an issue of succession that he had to deal with his step brother.

Orhan offered his brother Alauddin to divide the empire into 2 parts avoiding any major conflicts. Alauddin denied his offer and insisted Orhan to succeed their father.
 At this, Orhan asked him to be his Vizier in order to help him solve the diplomatic state issues. This was the first time the post of Grand Vizier came into existence and later, the same grand viziers played a huge role in the entire history of Ottoman Empire. After Orhan became the bey, he started his campaign to annex the northwestern side of Anatolia. He first of all in 1328 AD began the siege of Nicaea. Threatened by this siege, the Byzantine perorations III himself led an army against Orhan in order to break the siege. 

How A Sultan dined In Ottoman Empire   


This was also a restoration campaign launched by the Byzantines in order to retrieve the cities they had lost to Osman previously. As Orhan was holding the siege of the city,the Byzantine emperor distracted him from holding the siege. Finally they ended up fighting a battle in Pelekanon, near Comedian.

The Byzantines lost the battle, but there was also no city capture for the Ottomans yet. After being defeated in this battle, the Byzantines never attempted to regain the territories lost in Anatolia in future. They also cut their supplies of troops and everything, 

which created a golden opportunity for Orhan to continue the siege. Without any imperial force and support, the important city of Nicaea finally fell to the Ottomans in 1331 AD.

History Of Orhan Gazi
History Of Orhan Gazi

The History Of Ottoman Empire

 After 2 years in 1333 AD, Orhan now began the siege of the city of Comedian. Meanwhile, on the eastern side of the Ottoman Beylik, the Erectness succeeded Mongol Italianate in 1335 in Anatolia. Taking advantage of the weakness of Erectness,in the same year, Orhan managed to capture some more land including modern day Ankara. 
History Of Orhan Gazi In English
The city of Comedian could not hold the siege any longer and finally in 1337 AD fell to the Ottomans. This was a huge conquest for the Ottomans,which almost ended the Byzantine stronghold in Anatolia. After losing Nicomedia, 
Byzantines had a very little land, including the capital city of Constantinople. There was another rising Beylik in the southwest region of Anatolia known as the Karats. Berrylike of Karats was going through a civil war on the issue of succession. To establish the peace and order, Orhan annexed them to his empire in 1345 AD. This acquisition of Karasids opened theirgates to enter European lands. Orhan was waiting for an opportunity to enter European lands and that opportunity came to Orhan in no times. Another civil war started among Byzantinesin 1352,

Ertugrul Ghazi Full History

 as Matthew Kantakouzenos, the son of John VI Kantakouzenos was attacked by JohnV in 1352 in order to take absolute control of the power. As a result the Battle of Demotivate near Thracetook place in 1352 AD. John V had the support of Serbia, while Kantakouzenos asked Orhan for help. Orhan provided around 10,000 horsemen to Kantakouzenos,which enabled him secure the victory against John V. This was the first battle fought by the Ottomans on European soil. In return to this help, Kantakouzenos allowed Ottomans to enter the city in order to establish trade and community. Previously in 1346, 
Cantankerous also married his daughter Theodora to Orhan in order to form an alliance with the rising Ottoman power. In 1354, there was a massive earthquake in Galli poli peninsula, which had devastated the city, causing the Greek inhabitants to evacuate it. Within a month, Suleiman Pasha, the eldest son of Orhan, seized the city and thus Galli poli became the first Ottoman stronghold in Europe. 

History Of Orhan Gazi In English,

 However, Ottomans later founded multi-religious and multi-cultural societies without any discrimination on the ground of religion or race. With the conquest of Gallipoli, Europe was now open for the Ottoman conquests. The very next year, the Ottomans marched towards the city of Sofia in modern-day Bulgaria.
 As a result, they came in contact with Bulgarians near Ahriman and the battle of Ihtiman took place in 1355 AD.

Click Here To Read Son Of Orhan Ghazi Sultan Alp Arsalan History

 The Bulgarians suffered heavy casualties but they managed to win the battle stopping Ottomans from entering the city of Sofia. This was the last major campaign led by Orhan during his lifetime. 


He died in 1362 leaving behind a dominion that he changed from a nomadic border principality to a real state with a capital, boundaries,army and settled population. He was the first Ottoman Sultan who hired the soldiers on a fixed salaries. He also married to Holofira in 1299,

who was Christian but embraced Islam and was known as Nilufer Hatun afterwards. She gave birth to Murad I, who would become-the next Sultan of the empire. 

History Of Orhan Gazi
History Of Orhan Gazi

Orhan Gazi: A Detailed History In The Ottoman Period :

Orhan Gazi was the son of Beyazit 13th, and a part of the Ottoman House. He is not to be confused with Orhan II of Ottoman a descendent in Byzantine line.)

Who is the Mehmet Orhan Gazi?

Orhan Gazi was the second son of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. He succeeded his father in 1326 and ruled until his death in 1359. Under his rule, the Ottoman Empire reached its greatest extent, extending from Anatolia and the Balkans in the west to Egypt and North Africa in the east. The Ottoman period is considered to be one of the golden ages of Islamic civilization, with Orhan Gazi himself being hailed as one of its greatest rulers.

How did Orhan Gazi Contribute to Ottoman Empire?

Orhan Gazi was one of the most important figures in the Ottoman Empire. He was responsible for many things that helped shape the empire into what it was. One of his most significant contributions was his encouragement of education and knowledge. He made it a point to have mosques and madrasas built in order to promote learning. This helped create an educated class of people who could serve the empire well. Another contribution of Orhan Gazi was his introduction of innovative military tactics. He was the first to use muskets in battle, which helped give the Ottomans an edge over their opponents. Finally, Orhan Gazi helped improve relations with Europe. He did this by opening up trade routes and sending ambassadors to various European countries. These things all helped make the Ottoman Empire a powerful force in the world.

Arts and Science in Mehmet Orhan Gazi's Era:

Orhan Gazi was a great patron of the arts and sciences during his reign in the Ottoman period. He patronized many scholars and artists, including the famous historian Ibn Battuta. Orhan Gazi was also a great builder, and he constructed many mosques, madrasas, and other public works. Orhan Gazi Changed Traditional Ottoman Medicine.

The Ottomans Were The First Muslim Dynasty To Read And Write.

Orhan Gazi was a famed Ottoman sultan who changed the face of traditional Ottoman medicine. He did this by bringing in new medical practices from the outside world and by modernizing the way that medicine was practiced in the empire. This made the Ottomans the first Muslim dynasty to read and write about medical topics.

Who was Orhan in Ertugrul?

Many people want to know who is Orhan Ghazi in Dirilis Ertugrul, but let me tell you all that there are five seasons of Dirilis Ertugrul drama serial, in all these five seasons Orhan Ghazi is not shown. Even in the fifth season only the childhood of Ertugrul Ghazi's son Osman Ghazi is shown. Currently Kurulus Osman Season 3  Orhan Ghazi's Childhood are being shown.

How Many Brothers Did Orhan Gazi Have?

Orhan Gazi's father, Osman Gazi, had a son named Alaaddin from Bala Hatun, the daughter of Sheikh Edebali. Therefore, Alaeddin is Orhan's half-brother. After their father died, Şehzade Alaeddin voluntarily renounced the principality. Şehzade Alaeddin, the first grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, died in 1331. His humble personality is highlighted in historical sources.



When And Where Was Orhan Gazi Born?

There is no definite record about the exact year Orhan Gazi was born in. In general, historians state that he may have been born in 1281, based on his marriage to Nilüfer Hatun in 1299. In addition to this, the year 1288 is also mentioned. However, since it is not possible for Orhan Gazi to marry at the age of 11, the year 1281 is a more accurate date. 
Orhan Gazi, who ascended the Ottoman throne in 1324, died in Bursa in 1362 after ruling for more than 36 years. He was 80 years old when he died. Orhan Gazi's tomb is located in the Gümüşlü Kümbet, located in the Orhan Gazi tomb in Bursa.

Where Did Orhan Gazi Conquer? What Wars Did He Do?

The first major conquest of Orhan Gazi, who made conquests around Yalova in the first years of his reign, was the capture of Bursa in 1326. The second Ottoman sultan, who settled here after capturing Bursa, declared Bursa as the center of his principality. Therefore, Bursa is the second capital of the Ottoman Empire. Orhan Gazi also conquered Iznik in 1331, and Gemlik and Izmit in 1333.
Until 1340, the Ottomans made continuous westward expansion. Therefore, the castles and cities captured until this date were taken from the Byzantines. Orhan Gazi, who intervened here as a result of a throne fight in the Karesi Principality, confiscated the lands of this principality and took land from the Turks for the first time. In 1354, Orhan Gazi captured Ankara through his son Süleyman Pasha. After the second half of the 1350s, Orhan Gazi turned his direction to the west again and gave his son Süleyman Pasha the task of conquering Rumelia. The conquests of Rumelia, which the Ottomans would dominate for about 5 centuries, first started during the reign of Orhan Gazi.

Who is Orhan Gazi's Wife Nilüfer Hatun? Orhan Gazi Wife Holofira

Orhan Gazi's wife, Nilüfer Hatun, is the daughter of Yarhisar Tekfuru. Nilüfer Hatun's former name before she became a Muslim was Holofira. Orhan Gazi, who married Nilüfer Hatun in 1299, remained married to her until his death. Ottoman historians state that Orhan Gazi was the first sultan to marry a foreign bride. This tradition, which started in the period of Orhan Gazi, was followed by the next Ottoman sultans. The reason why the Ottoman sultans married foreign brides instead of Turks is not their beauty, but to avoid the struggle for the throne that may occur due to the marriage bond between Turkish tribes. Therefore, at this point, it is seen that political decisions about marriage are effective.

Did Orhan Gazi Have A Wife Other Than Nilüfer Hatun?

Yes, Orhan Gazi had two other wives besides Nilüfer Hatun. These women, whose names are Asporçe and Teodora, gave birth to 3 more children for Orhan Gazi. While İbrahim Bey and Fatma Sultan were born to Asporçe Hatun, Halil Bey was born to Teodora.

How Many Sons Did Orhan Gazi Have?

To put it briefly, Orhan Gazi had 5 children from 3 known wives. Four of them were boys and one was a girl. He also had two sons, Sultan Bey and Kasım Bey, from whom he was born.
  • Orhan Gazi's children born to Nilüfer Hatun: Süleyman Pasha, Murat Bey.
  • Orhan Gazi's children born to Asporçe Hatun: İbrahim Bey, Fatma Sultan.
  • Orhan Gazi's children born to Teodora Hatun: Halil Bey.
When Orhan Gazi was alive, only 3 of his children were alive. These were Murad, İbrahim and Halil.

Conclusion :
After reading this blog, it is evident that Orhan Gazi was a great ruler during the Ottoman period. He was able to bring about many changes and improve the lives of his people. He was also able to establish strong relationships with other countries and create a thriving economy. Overall, Orhan Gazi was an excellent ruler and helped to make the Ottoman Empire a great power during his reign.

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